Pelvic Floor Dysfunction (PFD) is not only a woman’s problem, as men can have it too. Though the issue is seen more commonly in women. PFD can be a terrible diagnosis when you first hear about it, and many women who get it are concerned about how it can affect their chances of conceiving. Here are some things that you should know about PFD and its association with infertility:
The pelvic floor is full of muscles that are located in the lower pelvis, supporting pelvic organs such as the bladder and uterus. Relaxing and contracting the pelvic floor muscles control the flow of urine and stool, and the muscles that do this also play a significant role in sexual health and function.
When you have stronger pelvic muscles, sex is usually more pleasurable, as orgasms become stronger and more frequent. Now, that you’re familiar with the function of the pelvic floor—what is PFD?
PFD is not one specific disease, instead, it refers to various conditions and symptoms that are related to the pelvic floor muscles. Many things can cause PFD, such as sitting for long periods, poor posture, obesity, trauma to the pelvic region, and a complicated childbirth.
That said, there are different types of PFD, and each affects an individual differently. However, these are the most common symptoms of PFD in women:
Take note though that not all women who are diagnosed with PFD will experience these symptoms.
One of the common questions women have about PFD is, can pelvic floor dysfunction cause infertility? You’ll be glad to know that PFD cannot cause infertility. However, since it’s associated with difficulties in sexual function, it could indirectly make it more difficult to conceive naturally because it can make sex painful or unpleasant.
It can also be associated with other conditions that are related to fertility such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS).
Most PFD conditions can be treated and fortunately, most treatments are minimally invasive. One effective PFD treatment is through physical therapy and biofeedback. It’s a painless treatment that can help strengthen your pelvic floor muscles. The biofeedback will provide visualization and will help you contract and relax your muscles.
There are also medications in the form of muscle relaxants. Breathing exercises such as deep and diaphragmatic breathing are said to help as well. Last but not least, kegel exercises can go a long way in strengthening pelvic floor muscles to effectively treat PFD. Luckily, you can easily perform kegel exercises on your own at home, but for optimal results, you can also purchase tools online to help you perform the exercise better.
PFD doesn’t cause infertility, however, due to its effects on sexual function, it can be one of the reasons that contribute to infertility in women. Fortunately, there are a lot of treatments that you can do to remedy this, with most of them being minimally invasive. In fact, some of them, like kegel exercises, can be done in the comfort of your own home.
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